Ethereum Classic Network Announces Latest Hardfork; ‘Thanos’ Upgrade Scheduled for Nov 29

The Ethereum Classic network is set to undergo a network upgrade on November 29, according to an announcement by ETC Core developer and Ethereum Classic Labs, the teams behind ETC’s blockchain ecosystem. Dubbed ‘Thanos,’ this hardfork is an Ethereum Classic Improvement Proposal (ECIP 1099) and is part of developing a stable ecosystem that can withstand 51% attacks.

Notably, ETC’s blockchain experienced three 51% attacks over the summer, calling for the need to upgrade its technical fundamentals. Per the estimated timeframe, the Ethereum Classic community’s consensus decision to initiate the Thanos hardfork will happen in a week.

Once this milestone is achieved, Ethereum classic stakeholders are optimistic that the network will continue to ‘drive innovations that will support existing miners and attract new ones while maintaining compatibility with Ethereum (ETH).’

Prior Solutions to the ETC 51% Attacks

While the Thanos hardfork is anticipated to mark a big milestone, Ethereum Classic had already launched some initiatives to counter the 51% attacks. One of these solutions is dubbed Modified Exponential Subjective Scoring (MESS) and goes by the ticker ‘ECIP 1100’. Ideally, this innovation makes it harder for 51% attacks by increasing the costs associated with chain re-organizations.

Ethereum Classic Labs Founder and Chairman, James Wo, commented that,

“After the successful implementation of MESS, the finality algorithm that provides 51% protection, we continue to see Ethereum Classic innovate and grow in a way that distinguishes itself and increases functionality for its users.”

Mainnet Activation

ETC’s Mordor Testnet, which went last month, has already implemented the Thanos upgrade, ahead of the Mainnet activation scheduled for block 11,700,000. This will happen around November 29, although the timeframe might change as the network narrows closer to the activation block (currently at block 11,672,555). Wo was keen to note that Thanos hardfork is the next natural thing after MESS,

“The Thanos hard fork is the natural next step for the network, reducing the DAG size to help cultivate a more distributed and healthy mining ecosystem, increasing hash rate, and allowing for miners to continue mining ETC and for new miners to join the ecosystem.”

Ethereum Classic has since advised its consumers to upgrade their software nodes to fork compatible versions ‘if they have not done so already to Core-geth v1.11.16 or later.’

Read Original/a>
Author: Edwin Munyui

Ethereum 2.0 Deposit Contract Only at 18% Staked; Will It Launch on Dec 1?

The Ethereum 2.0 upgrade may not happen as soon as the community expected if the minimum threshold of 524k ETH isn’t met within the next week. Currently, 99,488 ETH has been staked in preparation for the launch, roughly 18.97% of the required ETH. Nonetheless, Ethereum 2.0 developers are still optimistic about the Dec 1 launch.

While there is a target date for the ETH 2.0 launch, hiccups hitting the minimum threshold could mean that this date will have to be rescheduled. Going by the updates from Dune Analytics, the eventuality of postponing the launch is more likely than not.

This is because all the ETH must be deposited seven days before the target launch date of Dec 1, according to Danny Ryan, a core researcher at the Ethereum Foundation. If the threshold is not met within the expected time frame, Ryan noted that the genesis would be triggered at a later date when it is achieved,

“If not … genesis will be triggered 7 days after this threshold has been met (whenever that may be).”

So far, a total of 458 contributors have deposited to the ETH 2.0 deposit contract, totaling 3,023 transactions as of press time. Some of the largest contributors include Ethereum’s co-founder Vitalik Buterin who has allocated 3,200 ETH, which is over $1.4 million as per the prevailing market prices.

With the December launch set to mark phase 0 of ETH 2.0, the upgrade to a PoS ecosystem will still be far from over. This will only lay the groundwork for phases 1 and 2, which are expected to roll out in the coming year as part of a full migration from the PoW consensus.

Notably, the Ethereum and larger crypto community have been waiting patiently for this shift. Basically, a migration from the PoW consensus means that Ethereum’s blockchain will be more scalable since less computing power is needed in the PoS model. If successful, the Ethereum blockchain will solve the underlying scalability challenges, which are a pain point to its booming ecosystem.

Read Original/a>
Author: Edwin Munyui

Tezos ‘Delphi’ Upgrade Makes it More Attractive For Defi Projects; Reducing Gas Price By 75%

Tezos has completed the Delphi upgrade, which many believe would make the blockchain a hub for defi projects. As per the official announcement, the Delphi upgrade has brought down the gas fees significantly, allowing users and developers to deploy more complex smart contracts on the platform.

The Delphi upgrade is believed to bring down the gas fee by a whopping 75% along with a four-times lower storage cost.

Tezos network makes use of gas just like Ethereum, but with a different implementation. While the Ethereum blockchain uses gas as a transaction fee, the Tezos network uses it as a limit setter for the consumption of computing power for a transaction. However, the transaction cost is determined by the amount of gas used for that transaction.

Gabriel Alfour, the lead developer at Marigold—and one of the core development teams that worked on Delphi, explained the importance of the lower gas fees and how it can propel the Tezos network to be a leading blockchain when it comes to the deployment of complex smart contracts. He said,

The motivation for such an interim proposal is straightforward. The size and complexity of smart contracts is limited by gas constraints, and so people attempting to build contracts with rich functionality have needed improvements to those constraints for some time.

Thus, such improvements are crucial to enable novel applications on Tezos that target areas like DeFi (“Decentralized Finance”), collectibles, and gaming.

Luckily, in August, we finalized some long-standing work on improving the performance of the Michelson type checker and interpreter, and on refining the cost model, thus mitigating the gas problem.

Growing gas fees due to the network congestion has been a substantial problem for Ethereums mainnet since defi gained traction, and its volume increased significantly. While the launch of ETH 2.0 is believed to solve many of the scaling problems for Ethereum, in the meantime, other blockchains such as Tezos can attract higher numbers of customers to its platform.

Read Original/a>
Author: Hank Klinger

1inch Exchange Upgrades Its DEX to V2; Roll Out Has Enhanced UI & Faster Response Times

The team behind 1inch Exchange announced plans to upgrade its DEX aggregation platform and make it next-gen, officially calling it 1inch v2.

Yesterday, November 5th, 1inch announced plans to launch the next-gen version of its DEX aggregation platform with several new improvements.

What changes are coming with 1inch v2?

According to the project’s team, one of the new features will be an API known as Pathfinder, which offers a new routing and discovery algorithm. The team further explained that Pathfinder basically finds the best paths for token swaps and that it is very time-efficient, as it can do it in a record time.

In fact, the team plans to boost speed as much as possible. 1inch CEO and co-founder Sergej Kunz noted that the so-called ‘1inch v2′ will focus on speed as its most vital improvement and that this will be something that its users will be able to feel immediately.

Additionally, v2 will also include other changes, such as significant improvements to the user interface. The team wanted to change the UI so much that they created the new one entirely from scratch.

1Inch DEX UI

Apparently, the changes that the project aims to implement will improve the project by quite a bit. The team has had enough in the way of funding to secure the best for its users, thanks to the seed funding round led by Binance Labs a few months ago.

Back then, the DEX aggregation platform managed to raise as much as $2.8 million after the leading exchange’s incubator startup took it under its wing. It attracted many major, influential investors, including FTX, Dragonfly Capital, and even Mike Novogratz’s Galaxy Digital.

DEX volume has been surging for months until October

Of course, the increase in interest in DEXes and DEX aggregators alike rose significantly this year, thanks to the DeFi sector explosion. As some may know, DEX aggregators function as unified portals to the ecosystem of DEXes, which has significantly improved their usability.

Basically, DEX aggregators draw together many different liquidity sources to provide them for DEXes’ traders. With liquidity issues solved, traders are free to trade on numerous different marketplaces with speed and ease.

Of course, it is also worth mentioning that DEXes did see a drop in volume throughout October 2020. Before October, their volumes have been surging for months, only to see a sudden drop last month.

According to available data, DEX volume for September 2020, when DEX was at its peak, at $24 billion every month. However, once October had ended, analysts reported that the monthly volume of decentralized exchanges has dropped to $18.46 billion, which is slightly lower than what was seen in August of this year. However, this is still higher than the volume seen in July.

Read Original/a>
Author: Ali Raza

Blockstream Reveals MuSig2; An Easy & Privacy-Focused 2-Round Schnorr Multisignature Scheme

As the Bitcoin Taproot upgrade approaches, a multi-signature solution is in development by Blockstream engineers, according to a medium blog post on Nov 4. Two engineers, Tim Ruffing and Jonas Nick said that they have already published a blueprint for MuSig2, an advanced version of the MuSig multi-signature scheme built to facilitate collective ownership of some Bitcoin and the creation of a single authorization signature.

Notably, Blockstream had debuted MuSig1 back in 2018 but is now seeking to solve communication shortcomings in the MuSig scheme’s initial version. MuSig1 brought in a privacy aspect that previously did not exist in the CHECKMULTISIG code; this version also reduced the transaction fees. However, this particular version had implemented multiple backs and forth signing process; something that Musig2 is designed to solve.

MuSig2 Non-Interactivity Signature

As highlighted, this MuSig scheme version introduces a less interactive signing process; to be precise, only two communication rounds are required. The initiative, which is currently undergoing a peer review, is set for presentation at the Real World Crypto Conference scheduled for next year. Per the blog, MuSig2 leverages a non-interactive signing approach to enhance the utility in MuSig1. It reads,

“As the name suggests, MuSig2 is intended to be the successor of MuSig1.

It offers the same functionality and security as MuSig1 but makes it possible to eliminate almost all interaction between signers.”

Basically, MuSig2 combines the best of MuSig1 and CHECKMULTISIG functionalities to provide an ecosystem with both privacy and efficient communication. With the Taproot integration around the corner, Blockstream is set to update the Schnorr signature code library by replacing MuSig1 with MuSig2. The blog also hinted that they might test MuSig2 on Taproot code earlier, in preparation for deployment on the Bitcoin Mainnet.

Read Original/a>
Author: Edwin Munyui

Coinbase and Circle Launch Major Upgrade in USDC 2.0; Stablecoin Sees ‘Unprecedented Adoption’

Coinbase and Circle, the members of the Centre Consortium, has announced a major upgrade to the stablecoin USD Coin (USDC) protocol and smart contract.

Launched in September 2018, this regulated stablecoin saw an “unprecedented adoption” during the pandemic, surpassing $1.4 billion, up from about $450 million at the beginning of March, and recording more than $90 billion in on-chain transaction volume.

With the latest upgrade, USDC will become “significantly easier for people to use USDC in payments, commerce, and peer-to-peer transactions,” besides adding additional security to the smart contract.

More importantly, Centre says USDC 2.0 is introducing “gasless sends.” Transaction on the Ethereum network involves “gas fees” and in order to pay this, most digital wallets are required to purchase and hold a balance of Ether (ETH).

Now, with the latest upgrade, the idea is to remove the barrier to “mainstream adoption and broad usage of digital dollar stablecoins for internet payments.”

The official announcement states USDC 2.0 enables users to delegate the payment of the gas fees to another address, giving the developers the option to either pay the fee on behalf of the customer or deduct the fees in USDC.

As such, customers will be able to send and receive USDC payments on a peer-to-peer basis using only USDC.

“These simplified and improved user experience flows will accelerate the virality of making and receiving payments using USDC on the internet.”

Another thing USDC 2.0 introduces is a new set of on-chain multiple signature contracts which means administrative operations can be managed on-chain, in a result, improving the “security, auditability and in turn resilience.”

Read Original/a>
Author: AnTy

DeFi App, Aave, Releases Aavenomics Upgrade as It Prepares to Launch Its Governance Tokenv

Aave, the Ethereum based DeFi protocol, has released a tokenomics upgrade proposal dubbed ‘Aavenomics’ that will define its shift to a more decentralized governance ecosystem.

The firm announced this milestone on July 29 via a medium blog, noting that it is another exciting phase for Aave. Aave’s founder and CEO, Stani Kulechov, has since confirmed that the new governance tokens have been under development since we began the year.

The protocol is set to join the likes of Compound and Synthetic, which already launched its governance tokens. Notably, the debut of Compound’s token saw the DeFi market rally to new ATH’s as this protocol overtook Maker in terms of total value locked (TVL). This position, however, has not held given Maker regained its position as the leading DeFi protocol; over $1 billion are currently locked within its ecosystem.

Aave’s Governance Token

Currently, Aave’s DeFi platform uses LEND as its native token, but these are now set to be swapped for the upcoming governance token, AAVE. These governance tokens will supposedly introduce a financial services ecosystem that is pegged on a future proof framework and distributed governance to enhance safety and sustainability.

The LEND token supply, which is currently 1.3 billion, will be reduced to a bare 16 million AAVE tokens once the Aavenomics proposal is fully integrated. Thirteen million of these AAVE tokens will be redeemed by token holders, while the remaining 3 million will be allocated to Aave Ecosystem reserve. Going by these stats, Aave set the conversion rate for LEND against the new governance token at 100:1 to achieve the target numbers.

To initiate the swap, a governance vote will be conducted via the existing LEND token holders. Once approved, the underlying smart contracts will then facilitate the swap in a move that will see Aave achieve more decentralization in its governance.

The 3 million tokens allocated to Aave’s Ecosystem reserve will be used to incentivize development, hence safety and economic incentives in the rewards pool. Their allocation will be heavily dependent on Aave’s community, a decision they can now voice via a governance token.

Aave’s DeFi Footprint

At the moment, Aave is the fourth DeFi in terms of TVL with a significant $445 million in locked digital assets, up 14.6% in the last 24 hours. The project launched in 2017, and went by ‘EthLend‘ at the time; this name was, however, changed in September 2018 to what is now ‘Aave.’

Some highlights by this ETH financial service protocol include its $18 million ICO funding. This was later topped up by other funding rounds that have seen Aave gather over $3 million from the sale of LEND tokens after 2017.

Read Original/a>
Author: Edwin Munyui

Kyber Network Makes DeFi Debut Following a Protocol Upgrade and KyberDAO Mainnet Launch

Kyber Network has launched a protocol upgrade dubbed ‘Katalyst’ alongside Kyber DAO on the Ethereum mainnet as per a blog post yesterday by the On-Chain liquidity provider. This initiative will see its debut in the fast-growing DeFi market, which currently has a total locked value of $2.15 billion, according to DeFi Pulse.

With this development, the Kyber network’s users will be able to leverage its native token – ‘KNC’ – to stake in the KyberDAO for proposal voting and participation rewards. The blog post reads:

“KNC holders can stake their tokens on the KyberDAO and govern the protocol by voting on important proposals and parameters while earning rewards (in ETH) for their efforts.”

The DeFi market growth has been exponential in the past few months, as crypto stakeholders’ shift focus to the latest market trend. It is not surprising that this field has hit the $2 billion mark despite a significant dip at the onset of the March bloodbath, which gave rise to ‘Black Thursday.’ Kyber Network is optimistic about making an impact in this space, especially following the launch of KyberDAO.

“The KyberDAO will empower the Kyber and DeFi community with an actual stake in Kyber’s future, and allow them to contribute directly to our development.”

Kyber’s Katalyst Protocol Upgrade

As for the improvement protocol, Kyber Network has made some technical changes to enhance the functionality of the ecosystem. The blog notes that its DApp innovators and users should expect reduced network fees, reserve routing for better rates, and customized spreads. Liquidity providers and reserves, on the other hand, should also look out for reserve rebates, more robust market-making tools, and a simplified fee system.

At some point, the protocol plans to improve the KyberDAO ecosystem through Kyber Improvement Proposals (KIP) in efforts to make the governance all-inclusive, hence efficient. Kyber has since remarked that they are glad to join the DeFi space as they eye expansion of their on-chain liquidity service.

“We look forward to working with the DeFi ecosystem to govern and increase adoption of our on-chain liquidity protocol and enhance liquidity for DeFi!”

Read Original/a>
Author: Edwin Munyui

Binance to Supports Ontology Network 2.0 Upgrade Tomorrow; Swap NEP5 ONT Tokens Today

  • Binance is supporting the upcoming Ontology 2.0 network upgrade planned for Tuesday of this week.
  • The top crypto exchange stopped the deposits and withdrawals of ONT tokens on Monday, 9 AM GMT.
  • The ONT trading competition also came to a close with over $50,000 worth of ONT distributed.

In a press release on July 6, the Binance media team announced its support for the upcoming Ontology (ONT) major network upgrade slated for July 7, 2020. As such, deposits and withdrawals of ONT tokens on the exchange has been disabled from 9 AM GMT till the network upgrade is complete. The official statement reads:

“Binance will support the upcoming Ontology network upgrade. Deposits and withdrawals of ONT will be suspended starting from 2020/07/06 9:00 AM (UTC). Please note that the trading of ONT will not be affected during the upgrade.”

Ontology 2.0 upgrade will integrate new governance and staking protocol updates and further “lower the requirements for users to participate in Ontology governance.” The upgrade is expected to encourage several of its users to participate in staking and governance on the Ontology blockchain.

Users are not obligated to do anything during the upgrade with Binance handling the technical updates needed. Moreover, staking proceeds on the Ontology network, ONG rewards, will be active during the Ontology 2.0 network upgrade.

The Ontology network employs a dual system token using its native token – ONT – and Ontology Gas (ONG). ONT is a coin that can be used for staking in consensus, whereas ONG is a utility token used for on-chain services. ONT releases ONG periodically.

Binance also announced the completion of the ONT trading activity competition with over $50,000 worth of ONT rewards successfully deposited to winners accounts. Winners are alerted through email, and the records can be checked on the distribution page.

Developments on Ontology

Ontology’s partnership with Binance is stronger than ever with the exchange recently listing an ONT-backed token, ONT-33D, on Binance Chain. The token, which started trading on Binance’s decentralized exchange platform in April, is backed on a 1:1 ratio to ONT.

Ontology also announced a partnership with a decentralized oracle platform, Chainlink, at the end of June in a bid to boost the overall DApp development on the blockchain using data oracles from the former.

Read Original/a>
Author: Lujan Odera

Kyber Network to Roll Out Katalyst Upgrade on July 7th; Launching KyberDAO & Liquidity for DeFi

Kyber, an on-chain liquidity protocol, has announced July 7 as the date for the launch of its Katalyst upgrade, which would bring some significant changes to the in-house token, to attract more consumers.

The announcement suggests that the upgrade aims at lowering the friction liquidity contributions along with DApp integration to the Kyber network and the introduction of rebates for the high-performing reserves.

Another major upgrade would be the launch of KyberDAO, which would be a community platform allowing KNC holders to participate in the essential on-chain governance process. KNC holders can participate in this process by staking their tokens, which will enable them to vote on significant protocol parameters and changes along with the KyberDAO proposal.

Loi Luu – CEO of Kyber Network – talked about the upcoming major upgrade and believed the update would prove pivotal in their effort to offer on-chain liquidity for taker and maker. He said:

“Katalyst will harmonize our efforts towards providing a single on-chain liquidity endpoint for all takers and makers, and establish a long term virtuous loop where the success of the DeFi space, growth of the Kyber ecosystem, and value creation for KNC holders go hand in hand.

The Katalyst upgrade and KyberDAO support three key groups of Kyber stakeholders: reserves who provide liquidity to Kyber, DApps who connect takers to the Kyber protocol, and KNC holders who form the heart of the network.”

Luu further commented on the plans for the network, and how it aims to bring in more options for KNC token holders that can do more by staking their tokens. These plans also include integration to new wallets, which allow easy access to Kyber.org and its dapp ecosystem. The firm also plans to add more third-party staking options.

Read Original/a>
Author: Hank Klinger