Another BSC-based DeFi Protocol gets Exploited for Over $30 Million

Another Binance Smart Chain (BSC)-based DeFi Protocol Gets Exploited for Over $30 Million

Spartan protocol team ensures that they will rebuild with a focus on review, unlike Uranium Finance which, after the $50 million exploit, said the project won’t be reborn and is currently activating the distribution of 300k.

Over the weekend, yet another BSC-based DeFi protocol got exploited.

On Saturday, Spartan Protocol, a project that incentivizes deep liquidity pools for leveraged synthetic token generation, reported an attack that resulted in a loss of more than $30 million.

Its native token SPARTA took over a 40% drop as a result of the exploit but had since then recovered to $1.65, just about 25% down from its ATH of $2.25 from mid-February.

The next day, blockchain security company PeckShield Inc. released an analysis of the attack stating it was due to a flawed liquidity share calculation in the protocol, which was exploited to drain assets from the pool.

As for the technical part of the attack that involved a number of operations to prepare the vulnerable pool and then manipulate it to drain funds, the attacker first borrowed a flashloan from PancakeSwap with 10K WBNB, which was returned at the last step with 260 WBNB as the flashloan fee.

The vulnerability stems from the fact that the liquidity share calculation calcLiquidityShare() is querying the current balance, which can then be inflated for manipulation, noted PeckShield Inc.

Spartan Protocol team ensured that they would rebuild with a focus on reviews. It also mentions that their code that contained the flaw was already audited by CertiK.

While sharing this, it further said that “Sparta is innovative code, built from scratch, it is not a clone of anything,” amidst the growing criticism around the DeFi projects built on BSC copying other projects that are already running on Ethereum.

“Sparta does not copy a single line of SNX code, and the Sparta community feel the brand is sufficiently differentiated, un-owned, and unique to the BSC community,” it stated.

Earlier last week, another BSC-based DeFi project, Uranium Finance, was exploited for $50 million despite the project being audited by BSC Gemz, which didn’t pick up the critical vulnerability.

The exploit was possible due to an update of the codebase for v2, which changed the swap fees from 0.20% to 0.16%.

Unlike Spartan Protocol, Uranium Finance said they are not releasing v3, adding, “We will not be trying to make this project reborn again, doing so is not possible under these circumstances.”

Currently, they are activating the distribution of less than 300k from the bonus money pot while asking users to remove liquidity from pools.

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Author: AnTy

Binance Smart Chain (BSC) TVL Reaches $45 Billion, Catching Up Fast to Ethereum

Binance Smart Chain (BSC) TVL Reaches $45 Billion, Catching Up Fast to Ethereum

Decentralized Finance (DeFi) has now reached past the mark of $100 billion in total market cap to climb to $130 billion, as per CoinGecko.

The top five contributors to this are Uniswap (UNI), Chainlink (LINK), PancakeSwap (CAKE), Terra (LUNA), and AAVE.

According to CoinGecko, a similar picture is seen in the total worth of assets locked up in DeFi, at $120 billion.

While Ethereum is a big part of it, the original blockchain where it all started, other blockchains are gaining traction as well.

Just as BSC-based PancakeSwap made it among the top DeFi projects, similarly, the TVL on BSC is fast approaching the levels of Ethereum, one of the metrics that BSC has been lagging in.

TVL on Ethereum had reached past $67 billion as of writing this, increasing 2.5x this year alone when it was just about $15 billion, as per DeFi Pulse. Lending protocol Maker (MKR) is leading this with $10.42 billion in TVL.

Meanwhile, as we reported, DeFi on Binance Smart Chain (BSC) has really taken off, currently at nearly $44 billion, as per Defistation. Much like every other BSC metric, TVL had also risen much faster than Ethereum, as it was just $1 billion at the beginning of February.

AMM protocol PancakeSwap zone accounts for $10 billion of this, followed by lending protocol Venus (XVS) at $9.57 billion.

Both are competing for market dominance, “whereas Ethereum has been the only widely used smart contract blockchain since inception, Binance Smart Chain can now be seen as a serious competitor,” wrote analyst Mati Greenspan in his daily newsletter.

BSC and Ethereum both have their own benefits. The original decentralized Ethereum is the most widely used blockchain whose high fees priced out small users. But ever since the Berlin hard fork, the fees have been keeping down while the developers are focused on permanently scaling the network. BSC, meanwhile, is a more centralized version that is catering to smaller users.

But “luckily, there’s no need to take sides. We can profit from the growth of the market by investing in many different areas and thus drastically reduce our risk as well as maintain neutrality,” wrote Greenspan.

According to many market experts, BSC could help further the DeFi adoption and bring more users to the entire ecosystem.

More than 2 million wallets have already interacted with DeFi protocols, up from just over 170k a year back, as per Dune Analytics.

According to Crypto Fees, these DeFi protocols are earning millions of dollars in fees every single day, but they have yet to see the involvement and usage that the market has been envisioning.

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Author: AnTy

Wrapped IOTA Launches on Binance Smart Chain (BSC) to Boost DeFi liquidity

Wrapped IOTA Launches on Binance Smart Chain (BSC) to Boost DeFi liquidity

  • IOTA launches on Binance Smart Chain, or BSC, introducing decentralized finance (DeFi) capabilities for its holders.

In a blog post shared on Monday, IOTA Foundation announced the launch of “wrapped IOTA” on Binance’s decentralized platform, Binance Smart Chain (BSC). The introduction of IOTA on BSC will enable holders of MIOTA, IOTA’s native token, to participate in DeFi applications built on Binance Smart Chain. With the release of this feature, IOTA now lives on two blockchains for the first time.

“Now, with wrapped IOTA on Binance Smart Chain, IOTA holders can use the IOTA Token to participate in DeFi applications on the Binance network.”

This integration follows previous attempts by IOTA developers to build bridges across different blockchains to improve cross-chain interactions. The integration aims at growing liquidity across multiple chains providing IOTA as one of the asset classes you can borrow, lend, stake, and earn on BSC-based DeFi apps.

Users can use the IOTA-Binance bridge to swap their IOTA tokens to wrapped IOTA on Binance to start enjoying DeFi on BSC. The portal also allows reverse transactions from wrapped IOTA to IOTA at a 1:1 exchange ratio at all times. Once the wrapped IOTA has been deposited to your BSC wallet, users can trade, swap, and interact with services similar to any BEP20 token.

IOTA Foundation expects this integration to be the first of multiple chains – possibly Ethereum ETH 1.69% Ethereum / USD ETHUSD $ 1,846.31
$31.201.69%
Volume 22.52 b Change $31.20 Open $1,846.31 Circulating 115.27 m Market Cap 212.82 b
3 h Wrapped IOTA Launches on Binance Smart Chain (BSC) to Boost DeFi liquidity 5 h Cosmos (ATOM) Enhances Interoperability with Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) Protocol Rollout 7 h CME Is Launching Cash-Settled Micro Bitcoin Futures, One-tenth the Size of One BTC
and Solana SOL 2.49% Solana / USD SOLUSD $ 19.22
$0.482.49%
Volume 263.92 m Change $0.48 Open $19.22 Circulating 268.2 m Market Cap 5.16 b
3 h Wrapped IOTA Launches on Binance Smart Chain (BSC) to Boost DeFi liquidity 5 d Stablecoin Giant Tether Sets New Record as USDT Market Cap Hits $40 Billion 1 w Solana (SOL) is ‘Uniquely Positioned’ to Snatch Market Share from Ethereum & ETH Killers, says VC
– to increase the cross-chain liquidity.

“We see this integration with Binance Smart Chain as the first step in growing liquidity across multiple chains, while also preparing for the ability for other assets to live on the IOTA network,” a spokesperson from IOTA Foundation said.

IOTA token is up 4.2% in the past 24 hours, trading at $1.55 following the news and Bitcoin’s surge past $59,000 on news that PayPal is adding crypto payments in its 29 million merchant checkouts.

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Author: Lujan Odera

Alpha Begins its “Multi-Chain Ecosystem” with the Launch on Binance Smart Chain (BSC)

Alpha Begins its “Multi-Chain Ecosystem” with the Launch on Binance Smart Chain (BSC)

Alpha Homora is now also running on Binance Smart Chain (BSC), besides the second largest network Ethereum.

“The beginning of a multi-chain Alpha ecosystem and the value accrual mechanism across multiple chains starts now,” stated the Alpha team.

BSC has seen a lot of traction lately as fees on Ethereum remain elevated, helping Binance Smart Chain make new highs in transaction volumes.

This launch on BSC happened today, and in a matter of three hours, the DeFi protocol had about $117.5 million in total value locked (TVL).

Already, Alpha Homora is among the top ten projects on BSC in terms of TVL. Another lending project, Venus, is the leading one with $5.11 billion in TVL, followed by popular PanakeSwap with $3.65 billion, as per BSCProject.

Alpha’s BSC launch means users can now lend BNB, yield farms on the AMM PancakeSwap with leverage, and receive liquidity mining incentives for both activities.

Leveraged pools that went live with the launch are BNB-ALPHA (2.5x), BNB-CAKE (2.5x), BNB-BUSD (3.0x), BNB-BTCB (3.0x), BNB-ETH (3.0x), and BNB-USDT (3.0x).

Alpha Finance Lab is an ecosystem of cross-chain DeFi products backed by The Spartan Group, Multicoin Capital, DeFiance Capital, and Delphi Ventures.

Alpha Homora is its first product which is a leveraged yield farming and leveraged liquidity providing protocol. The lending DeFi protocol has more than $900 million in TVL on Ethereum.

Last month, the protocol launched its v2 supporting leveraged yield farming of Curve and Balancer pools, alongside Uniswap and SushiSwap pools.

The token ALPHA is a $465 million asset trading at $1.83, up 763% YTD.

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Author: AnTy

Vitalik Buterin: EIP1559 Will Make Ether “Ultrasound Money,” Scaling is “Coming Very Soon” too

Ethereum co-founder isn’t concerned at all about the chain split due to the proposal. Also, a PoS chain is already here and running; it just doesn’t have sharding because the priority is currently the merge.

Ether is seeing some red today, much like the broad crypto market. Still, it is trading above $1,750, up nearly 140% YTD. However, the big thing is the upcoming upgrade, EIP 1559, that the market believes isn’t priced in yet.

The proposal is facing some pushback from miners, some of them even come together to attack the blockchain, but the market isn’t really concerned. This is because of the multi-billion decentralized finance (DeFi), especially the stablecoins, which collectively now surpass 56 billion in supply, built on the second largest network, as shared by Arthur of DeFianceCapital on “UpOnlyTV” recently.

Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin isn’t concerned either, as he explained on The Tim Ferriss’ Show.

When asked by AngelList founder Naval Ravikant who is bullish on crypto and DeFi, if there’s a possibility that some miners and people will stay on Eth1 instead of Eth2, Buterin said, “the risks are much lower.”

Buterin attributed being very open about proof-of-stake and sharding from the first day as the big part of the reason. Not to mention, the market has gone through it already with Ethereum Classic (ETC). He said,

“Why stay on the chain where the core developers and lots of people are eagerly expecting a proof-of-stake change if you can just move on to a platform already that accepts your values? So I think that was one of the factors that did actually end up making the Eth2 transition a bit more secure.”

According to him, Ether is all about having more scalability which is going to deliver great environments for Ethereum users and everyone is roughly on board with the idea.

More Direct Connection Between Users & ETH’s Value

Ethereum Improvement Proposal 1559 was accepted a week back to be included in the London hard fork scheduled for July.

“It basically creates this more direct connection between people using the Ethereum blockchain and ETH having some value,” described Buterin.

He further explained that the proposal redesigns how the transaction fee market works, which means the majority of fees, instead of going to the miner or corporate who creates the block, would get burned. “It would just literally get deleted out of existence.”

“If demand to use Ethereum is high enough, then there would actually be more ETH being destroyed than is being created,” says Buterin adding, it would make Ether “ultrasound money” to Bitcoin’s sound money.

Before the London hard fork, however, the Ethereum Proof-of-Work (PoW) is undergoing a mainnet upgrade, called Berlin, on April 14, 2021.

A backward-incompatible fork will require updating the software to continue to follow the mainnet. As such, stakers are required to upgrade their Ethereum PoW nodes before April 14, 2021, and if you run the Pyrmont testnet, you must upgrade your Goerli nodes before March 17, 2021, shared developer Danny Ryan.

PoS is Already Here and Running Stable

While EIP-1559 would cement Ether’s economic value within the Ethereum platform, the big thing that would change the network and the market is eagerly awaiting is ETH 2.0, which will give the network 100 times improvement over the current processing.

While the Beacon Chain, Phase 0 has been launched with 3.2 million ETH deposited for staking, the full transition will take time. This multi-step approach is taken to “give proof-of-stake sometime to prove itself before the entire ecosystem is asked to upgrade over,” said Buterin.

Talking about the ETH 2, Buterin said, “there’s already a proof-of-stake chain. It does not yet have sharding, but the proof-of-stake system is running. The thing that has not yet happened is the event that we call the merge,” where the existing activity on Ethereum will be fully moved over from the proof-of-work chain to the proof-of-stake chain which would make PoW irrelevant.

The PoS not only exists but has been running stable ever since its launch, and “at some point fairly soon, we are going to actually go and merge all of the proof-of-work activity onto it,” he added.

As for sharding, Buterin said there are prototypes of parts of it, but they are prioritizing the merge rather than sharding because of rollups which still provide 100x factor scaling. Buterin said,

“So rollups are coming very soon, and we’re fully confident that by the time that we need any more scaling of that, sharding will have already been ready for a long time by then.”

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Author: AnTy

Compound to Release a New Cross-Chain Protocol with CASH Token Next Year

Compound Finance has released a new Compound Chain project — “a distributed ledger capable of transferring value & liquidity between peer ledgers.”

The team is currently building a testnet implementation, which is expected to be released in the next quarter. The project will also be bringing other popular DeFi projects like Polkadot, Solana, Quorum, and Celo into the protocol.

Designed to complement the Ethereum contracts, it would be controlled by COMP governance and extend DeFi network effects.

COMP, the $694 million digital asset, is currently trading at $158, up 40.4% in the past 30 days but down 36% YTD. The white paper reads,

“The Compound Chain is designed from the ground up to enable bridging value between its connected ‘peer’ chains.”

The Compound Chain will have CASH as its native unit of account, created through borrowing, much like MakerDAO’s DAI. CASH will be borrowable against any supported asset as collateral.

This CASH unit will be used to pay traction fees on the Chain, and interest would be paid to the CASH holders.

The value of one CASH is set at one US dollar, but through governance, it would later begin to track an alternate index, such as a basket of currencies.

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Author: AnTy

Ethereum Proof of Stake (PoS) Will ‘Launch in 2020’ as ETH 2.0 Dec. 1st Launch Confirmed

It’s official! ETH 2.0, the Beacon Chain, is coming next week.

In a dramatic move, Ethereum community members deposited a huge chunk, more than 40% of all ETH required to reach the threshold to trigger ETH 2.0.

With an increase of 279% in deposits in just one day, the ETH community did the deed a day before and confirmed the launch of Phase 0 on December 1st as scheduled.

Interestingly, the price of ETH moved in the exact direction as of the staked Ether, as per Crypto Quant.

The price of ETH was just under $400 when the deposit contract for Beacon Chain was released to the public. And yesterday, ETH hit $600, going as far as $621.

CryptoQuant ETH 2 Staking Rate
Source: CryptoQuant

Now that ETH 2.0 is officially coming in a week and BTC price is making some moves today, ETH price is retreating but still around $600.

Along with this positive price action, Perpetual Swaps Open Interest also reached a new yearly high of $1.69b, both in USD terms and Ether terms.

The crypto community is excited about this development and congratulated the Ethereum team for this achievement.

“Congratulations to the ETH2 deposit contract for hitting the needful amount of ETH for Beacon Chain activation. A momentous achievement indeed!” said Su Zhu, CEO of Three Arrows Capital.

This is a very bullish development not only for Eth but for all things DeFi as “transition to PoS, alongside various upgrades will enable greater network scaling, with that, cheaper transaction and more efficient running of the network,” noted Denis Vinokourov of Bequant.

As for those who still want to deposit their ETH, they can do so at any time that is up until it officially closes today.

Bloomberg also noted this development that will allow the second largest network to process the same number of transactions like Visa and Mastercard. Launched in 2015, the project has been working on the upgrade for years now.

“Ethereum needs to scale to become a global substrate of the clearing and settlement layer,” Andrew Keys, a managing member in Darma Capital, told Bloomberg.

According to him, while the current version of Ethereum proved that the real-world items like gold, music, and currencies can be successfully digitized, “now, it needs to be able to serve global volume.”

Keys, who was one of the first employees of ConsenSys, is “100% certain that proof of stake will launch in 2020.”

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Author: AnTy

Ethereum 2.0 Devs Debate On The Legitimacy Of The Just-Launched ETH 2.0 Deposit Contract

Ethereum 2.0 Beacon Chain is nearing full mainnet release as developers announce an unconfirmed launch of the deposit contract. However, some developers have strongly warned against sending your ether (ETH) tokens to the contract before the official announcement from ETH 2.0 lead developers.

As the crypto social media world remains glued to the U.S. Presidential Election, Ethereum enthusiasts are rejoicing on the “possible” launch of the long-awaited Ethereum 2.0 deposit contract. Following the successful launch of the Zinken testnet, ETH 2.0 focused developers have continuously teased at the launch of Beacon Chain – Phase 0 – starting with the deposit contract.

A deposit contract was apparently posted on GitHub, gaining support from some developers on Ethereum as excitement levels across the community hit peak levels. No official announcement from the lead ETH 2.0 developers has surfaced yet.

The deposit contract will allow users to switch their “ETH 1.0” tokens to the proof of stake ETH tokens. This will lay the groundwork and foundation for users to start staking on the platform and earn rewards.

The contract was apparently posted from lead Ethereum Foundation developer Carl Beekhuizen’s GitHub account, making a case for the release of ‘v1.0.0 eth2.0-deposit-cli’. However, a section of the community has raised doubts on whether Carl’s account is hacked or compromised – with no other channel or developer reporting the release.

Despite the mainstream focus on the U.S Presidential elections, the Ethereum community still celebrated one of ETH 2.0 major steps to a full launch in 2020. A lead developer at ConsenSys, Ben Edgington, however, is cautioning users on sending their cash to the deposit smart contract yet stating the launch will be in the coming “hours.”

Afri Schoedon, a long time Ethereum contributor, previously stated the Beacon Chain would launch in November – a prospect that is increasingly looking to be true. Speaking to Coindesk, David Rugendyke, from ETH 2 staking DApp Rocket Pool cautioned the ETH community that the deposit contract would take a while, but it’s earing its mainnet launch soon. He said,

“This is a tool for generating keys needed for making deposits on the ETH2 deposit contract.

So it looks like they’re announcing this tool is ready to go for mainnet, at least that’s my take.”

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Author: Lujan Odera

Coinbase and Circle Consortium’s USDC Stablecoin is Now Integrated on Solana Blockchain

The Center announced today Solana blockchain as an official Chain for its USDC stablecoin.

As an expansion of the “fully-reserved and regulated digital dollar stablecoin,” the Coinbase and Circle consortium went with the new blockchain on which crypto derivatives platform FTX’s DEX Serum is built.

“We are excited about the new use cases that USDC on Solana will be able to serve, further growing the cryptoeconomy” said Alesia Haas, Chief Financial Officer at Coinbase.

“We look forward to supporting USDC on Solana for both our retail and institutional customers in the future.”

With this collaboration, USDC aims to take advantage of Solana’s significant scalability, speed with 50,000 TPS, and “extremely” low fees.

Circle also announced a separate partnership with Solana and Sam Bankman-Fried’s FTX, and Alameda Research also announced immediate support for USDC on Solana.

“Solana has quickly emerged as a compelling new blockchain platform focused on the critical scaling issues facing the broader DeFi ecosystem,” said Jeremy Allaire, Chairman, and CEO of Circle.

Allair took to Twitter to further share his excitement about this collaboration, which he says is a “pivotal moment in the use of public chains.”

This brings forth a clear path to a global scale payment utility on-chain along with an infrastructure for the hot decentralized infrastructure (DeFi) that can transform capital markets, especially at a time when Ethereum is hitting its limits, Allaire said.

As part of the partnership, Circle is sponsoring the Solana Hackathon and a $200K prize to be paid in USDC-SPL.

In recent news, USDC stablecoin also became available on Algorand (ALGO) as well as Stellar (XLM), while Tether (USDT) recently rolled out on Solana.

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Author: AnTy

Ethereum’s Sister Chain Is Getting Hot as Second-Largest Network Becomes a Whale Game

Ethereum’s Sister Chain Is Getting Hot as Second-Largest Network Becomes a Whale Game In the past month. The Ethereum fees have skyrocketed as DeFi protocols and ‘yield farming’ platforms gained extensive popularity. Just this week, the Ethereum network faced congestion of an extreme level never seen before.

On Wednesday, with the launch of the much-anticipated UNI governance token of Uniswap, the second-largest network saw a spike in daily transaction fees. The daily Ethereum’s average fees went as high as $11.61, marking the highest fee hike since the SUSHI saga earlier this month.

What this means is, the network has become almost impossible for small market participants to enjoy. Instead, it has become a whale game.

“While the smaller and less efficient market participants may be struggling, the larger firms that can capitalize on inefficiencies,” said Denis Vinokourov of Bequant.

This has brought the solutions like zk-Rollups and the sister chain of Ethereum xDai in the limelight.

True Defender of Ethereum’s Value Proposition

Gnosis, the prediction market firm, has already moved on to the Ethereum sidechain, xDai, which has been in operation for the last two years.

“To ensure high demand doesn’t mean low adoption, we’ve teamed up with xDai, an Ethereum sidechain designed for fast and inexpensive transactions, providing a developer-friendly environment that retains real-world economic incentives,” said Gnosis in its announcement about the partnership.

Just this week, data privacy and protection platform HOPR, P2P lending & marketplace EthicHub, Sablier, Ethereum-based privacy-focused multi-contract 0xMonero, prediction market Reality Cards, and The Commons Stack have joined Dai.

This proof-of-stake chain enables fast transactions for a minimal amount, just fractions of a penny. With stablecoin DAI as its core currency, the cost involved in these transactions is predictable and not highly volatile. In the case of xDai, users entrust their assets to a multi-sig controlled xDai bridge.

Being EVM compatible means any smart contract or Dapp deployed on Ethereum can also be deployed on xDai with minimal changes.

It is also planning to onboard a fiat-to-crypto option in the next quarter, which means one wouldn’t’ have to interact with Ether at all.

“Ethereum little sister xdaichain is getting hot. XDAI is the true defender of Ethereum’s value proposition before a fully functional ETH 2.0, can easily K.O stuff like BSC (sorry @cz_binance),” tweeted Dovey Wan, founding partner at Primitive Crypto.

ETH 2.0 takes the First Step Towards Launch

ETH 2.0, meanwhile is ready for its first step towards launch after core developer Danny Ryan submitted, a proposal for its critical phase.

Ethereum co-founder and the creator of Cardano meanwhile, found Gasper to be “insecure.” “Discovered a liveness attack on Gasper in the standard synchronous model where messages can be delayed arbitrarily by the adversary up to a known network delay bound….” he said.

Dubbed “Serenity Phase 0,” this proposal is responsible for bringing about the PoS consensus mechanism. The PoS chain called “Beacon Chain” will be built alongside the existing network.

However, it is just the first step of the 6-phase launch extending well into 2022, while Phase 1 is expected to be rolled out next year.

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Author: AnTy